Chlamydia continues to be the country's most widespread sexually transmitted infection. Though the disease affects men and women alike, the long-term repercussions of Chlamydial infection are far more severe for impacted females. For this reason, the U.S. CDC recommends annual testing for Chlamydial infection to all sexually active women, particularly those under 25 years of age.
Symptoms of Chlamydial Infection in Women
Recognizing Chlamydia symptoms in women is an essential component of protecting female sexual health. Side effects of Chlamydial infection in women typically include the following:
- Thick, abnormal vaginal discharge, generally yellow or white in color (some discharge from Chlamydial infection can be brown or green)
- Painful urination
- Vaginal and/or pelvic pain, particularly during sexual intercourse
Less common Chlamydia symptoms in women include:
- Bleeding in between menstrual periods
- Lower back and abdominal pain
Symptoms of Chlamydia in Men
- Certain Chlamydia symptoms in men are similar to female Chlamydia side effects. Frequently, men infected will experience:
- Abnormal penile discharge that is white or yellow in color (in some cases, discharge can be green or brown)
- Painful urination coupled with the presence of blood in urine
Chlamydial Infection Often Hidden
Though recognizing symptoms of Chlamydial infection is imperative, many people who have the disease will never experience symptoms at all. In fact, 75 percent of women will never experience symptoms and 50 percent of men will never experience Chlamydia symptoms either. In women, side effects of Chlamydial infection will often present in a similar fashion to those of more common conditions, such as yeast and bacterial vaginal infection. Chlamydia testing is the only accurate method of diagnosing infection so that appropriate treatment can be administered.
Addressing Chlamydia Symptoms in Men and Women
Though the symptoms of Chlamydial infection can vary between females and males, treatment for both genders is rendered via basic antibiotics. In most cases, Chlamydial infection can be cured in seven to ten days. Left undetected, however, Chlamydial infection can produce severe long-term consequences in women.
Repercussions of Undiagnosed Chlamydial Infection
Rarely will affected males suffer permanent damage as a result of untreated Chlamydia. Women, on the other hand, run the risk of chronic pelvic pain and infertility for undiagnosed infections. Additionally, females who don't get treated for Chlamydia are more likely to face potentially fatal ectopic pregnancies. Finally, without treatment for a Chlamydial infection, affected females are at an increased risk for contracting HIV and other such STDs.
Assessing the Risk of Chlamydial Infection
All sexually active individuals are at risk for Chlamydia. However, women are statistically more likely to contract the disease due to anatomical factors. This especially holds true for females 25 or younger. For this reason, the CDC advises women who are sexually active to undergo Chlamydia testing on a yearly basis at a minimum. Those engaging in high-risk sexual behavior, including unprotected intercourse and multiple partners, are advised to screen more frequently. Chlamydial infection can be cured, and if caught early on, affected females can avoid serious permanent repercussions. The key is to pinpoint the presence of infection in a timely manner for the best possible prognosis.
Common misspellings for chlamydia include klamydia, clamidia, chlamidia, and klamidia.