April 27th, 2011 | Published in Chlamydia Fast Facts
Though Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States, most people simply don’t know the facts about Chlamydia transmission. While learning the facts about Chlamydia is essential for all individuals who are sexually active, it's especially important that women get the facts about Chlamydia and its potential dangers.
Millions Infected - And Counting
In 2008, 1,210,523 cases of Chlamydial infection were reported to the CDC, and incidents continued to climb well into 2009. Although the CDC is in the process of evaluating more recent data, it is believed that under-reporting of Chlamydia is significant. According to the CDC's website, 2,291,000 individuals are infected with Chlamydia based on the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Further distorting statistical facts about Chlamydia is the notion that testing is often neglected in patients who display symptoms and get treated accordingly.
Chlamydia Symptoms Often Silent
Lending to its widespread nature is the fact that side effects of Chlamydia are often overlooked or non-existent. One of the greatest public misconceptions with respect to all STDs, Chlamydia included, is that painful, disruptive symptoms are bound to ensue following infection. In reality, the CDC reports that the majority of people infected will never experience side effects of Chlamydia. In fact, 50 percent of men and 75 percent of women not show noticeable signs. Nonetheless, Chlamydia can cause long-term damage in affected females, even when initial symptoms are mild or absent entirely. For this reason, knowing the facts about Chlamydia and undergoing regular testing are two essential components of preserving female sexual health.
How Transmission Occurs
Chlamydia infection can be contracted during vaginal, anal, or oral sexual intercourse. The disease can also be passed from an infected mother to her newborn baby during vaginal childbirth. Pregnant women at risk for infection are advised to undergo STD testing during the first trimester. Additionally, the CDC reports that women are statistically more likely to contract Chlamydia than men. This especially holds true for women under the age of 25, as the undeveloped nature of younger cervixes has been linked to increased susceptibility to infection.
Chlamydia Symptoms Can Be Deceiving
For women in particular, side effects of Chlamydia can mimic those of more innocuous ailments such as vaginal yeast or urinary tract infection. Since Chlamydia in women will initially infect the cervix and urethra, those affected may experience symptoms that include vaginal discharge and a burning sensation during urination. Pain during intercourse is also a possibility. As such symptoms are attributable to a host of diseases, many of which are not transmitted sexually, those experiencing side effects are advised to seek medical attention rather than attempt to self-diagnose. Improper treatment of Chlamydia can prolong infection and increase the likelihood of permanent damage.
Chlamydia Treatment and Consequences
Left undetected in females, Chlamydia can cause chronic pelvic pain and permanent reproductive system damage. Undiagnosed Chlamydia can also result in ectopic pregnancies, which can be fatal. It is therefore imperative that sexually active women get the facts about Chlamydia and its long-term consequences. Fortunately, Chlamydia treatment is simple and non-invasive. An antibiotic for Chlamydia can cure infection completely and alleviate any symptoms that are present. However, an official diagnosis is necessary to ensure that the proper antibiotic for Chlamydia is administered. The CDC recommends annual Chlamydia screenings for at-risk males and females alike, but in the presence of symptoms, immediate testing is necessary.
Common misspellings for chlamydia include klamydia, clamidia, chlamidia, and klamidia.